It is clear that the JRF and qualification for the UGC NET are essential in the current academic scenario as this certificate offers you multiple benefits in your academic career. The University Grants Commission (UGC) NET 2022 December 2021 and June 2022 combined trials will be held between September 20 and 30.
After qualifying JRF, a nice monthly grant is awarded to the research scientists. Today, NET and JRF are the minimum qualification criteria to apply for a teaching position in government or private higher education institutions. Your teaching career starts after you qualify for your NET/JRF, which gives you a promising career from a salary of 35K to your bargaining ability in an educational institution.
UGC NET Geography Exam Pattern, Syllabus
This paper 1 consists of a total of 50 questions of 2 points each, which are also included in the final grade for merit. The final merit is based on 150 questions, of which 50 questions from paper-1 and 100 questions from paper-2. Hence, the paper -1 plays a very crucial role in the final merit list for your NET/JRF. The number of questions of each part of the syllabus is not always the same in every exam. In general, unit questions can range from 7 to 12.
The Geography syllabus consists of a total of 10 units.
Chapter 1: Geomorphology Endogenous and exogenetic forces, plate tectonics, theories and process of slope development, occurrence of landforms and causes of geomorphic hazards
Chapter 2: Climatic composition and structure of the atmosphere
Irradiance, Earth’s heat budget, temperature, pressure and wind, atmospheric circulation, Koppen & Thornthwaite climatic classification, ENSO events
Chapter 3: Oceanology Relief of oceans, Composition: temperature, density and salinity, circulation: hot and cold currents, waves, tides, sea level changes, hazards: tsunami and cyclone
Unit 4: Geography of Environmental Components: Ecosystem (Geographic Classification) and Human Ecology, Features: Trophic Levels, Energy Flows, Cycles, Environmental Ethics and Deep Ecology, Environmental Hazards and Disasters, National Programs and Policies
Unit 5: Population and settlement Geography World population distribution, population policy in developed and developing countries, rural settlements, urban systems
Unit 6: Geography of Economic Activities and Regional Development Economic Geography, Geography of Transport and Trade, Regional Development, Agricultural Geography
Unit 7: Cultural, social and political geography Cultural convergence, environment and human health, disease ecology, trends and developments in political geography, geography of federalism
Unit 8: Geographical Thought Contributions of Indian, Greek, Arab, Chinese and Roman Scholars, Impact of Darwinian Theory on Geographical Thought, Contemporary Trends in Indian Geography, Paradigm Shift, Perspectives in Geography
Unit 9: Geographical Techniques Sources of Geographic Information and Data, Digital Imaging: Advances in Remote Sensing Technology, Hypsographic Curve and Altimetric Frequency Graphing, Big Data Sharing and Its Applications in Natural Resource Management in India
Unit 10: Geography of India Major physiographic regions and their characteristics, population characteristics (spatial distribution patterns), growth and composition, species and distribution of natural resources, agro-climatic zones, green revolution, food security and right to food
UGC NET Geography: Preparation Tips and Strategy
Here are some tricks and tips from our BYJU’S Exam Prep expert faculty for your help.
Current events – Focus on current events related to geography, both national and international, such as new satellites or additional or new bioreserves, national parks, natural hazards etc.
Population – Go through the Census of India and population data related to the world as it is one of the most critical topics of NTA.
General Geography – Remember to focus on general topics such as 1st and 2nd year physical geography special, topics related to the Earth.
Geographical thinking – For geographic thinking, students should not focus on the geographers mentioned only in the geographic thought book. Every geography has thinkers. It is very important to go through all the reference books, as in subject development one can find new thinkers, which is very helpful.
New trends – Nowadays, NTA focuses on new trends of topics. Therefore Matrix of Connectivity in Transport Geography and Indexes of Connectivity like Alpha, Gamma, Beta and Geopolitics are very important.
Remote Sensing – The most important is GIS, Remote Sensing, GPS, which are the most common topics of NTA.
Measures of central tendency – Mean, Median and Mode will definitely come in 5 point questions so be prepared.
Surroundings – All programs and environmental policies are not only for geography, but it is also important for the first paper.
Facts – Thoroughly prepare some general facts about India e.g. neighboring countries, international borders, coastlines, major dams, hydropower projects etc. Solve questions about geography and practice papers 10 years ago. This gives an overview of the paper and also helps work on your weaker areas.
— Written by Ashish Ogley, faculty at BYJU’S Exam Prep
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