In 'Career 3.0', author Abhijit Bhaduri offers a new approach and outlines the key skills needed to thrive in today's work landscape
As the nature of work evolves, so do career archetypes. Career 1.0 and Career 2.0 are making way for Career 3.0. Career 1.0 can be described as a tunnel with three phases: learning, earning and retiring. Career 2.0 is like a fork in the road, with side gigs running in stealth mode after office hours. Once the side hustle starts making money, it leaves open the possibility of becoming the main career path.
To visualize Career 3.0, think of it as a pizza where every slice is a skill. The skill can be based on your deep domain knowledge, your emotional intelligence, creative thinking, etc. The key to success in Career 3.0 is to develop a set of skills and keep creating combinations of the skills that are valued in the market. Another way to think of the pizza is to look at those slices as the percentage of time spent on each individual activity.
Authors Ravin Jesuthasan and John W. Boudreau describe the coming years as a time when organizations will need to rethink the operating system surrounding work and employees. Automation and AI will increase the work of employees. In their book Working without jobsthey describe a future where employees will advance their careers based on their skills and abilities – not their seniority.
Eighty-five million jobs may disappear by 2025 due to a shift in the division of labor between humans and machines. At the same time, ninety-seven million new roles will emerge that require people, machines, and algorithms to work together.
Some skills are the same for everyone in the workplace. We no longer list them in our CVs. They are labeled as commodity skills. Basic skills are skills that many people possess, but that are not converted into money. Some of us may remember when people used to list “proficiency in Word, Excel and PowerPoint” on their resumes. Today it is not a differentiator in the market. If you list these skills on your resume, you won't be noticed by any recruiter because they are now commonplace. Not having this skill is a disadvantage, but having the skill is not a distinguishing factor in the labor market.
Six career 3.0 skills everyone needs to develop, even if you have a job
Skill #1: The ability to build expertise – depth and breadth
Cal Newport, author of the book So good they can't ignore you, says that becoming a grandmaster at your work requires years of practice and developing your skills. The greatest experts rarely achieve success based solely on their talent or intelligence. Musicians, doctors and even writers have to practice for a long time before they can succeed. In the case of doctors, they learn the theory, then observe experienced doctors as they diagnose patients, check the diagnostic tests and discuss the findings with other colleagues from different disciplines. Variations on this process take place in other disciplines.
Expertise is built through repetition and focus. Indian classical musicians practice the nuances of music by singing just a few notes for hours or even days until their guru gives them a nod of approval.
A musician friend told me that she first came across Raga Malhar, which is said to bring rain and is traditionally played before or during the monsoon. The day she started her lessons, it was raining, and the guru said he would teach her the Raga Malhar as she would be able to remember the association easily. Over the next two years, she learned many variations of Raga Malhar such as Gaud Malhar, Ramadasi Malhar, Miyan ki Malhar, Megh Malhar, Dhulia Malhar and Sawani Malhar. With each variation she built up her expertise so that she could learn many other ragas. To the untrained listener, they all sound the same. It takes a lot of skill to tell them apart.
Here are ten ways to build your expertise:
1. Break it down. Break the project down into small, achievable steps and set specific goals that you can work towards step by step. It is easier to master a single line of a song than the entire opera. The key strategy is deliberate practice, setting specific, measurable, and challenging goals, and then focusing on practicing the skills needed to achieve those goals with feedback and reflection.
2. Create an email account to learn. Look for opportunities to learn from a variety of sources, including books, articles, lectures, courses, and hands-on experiences. Create a new email account and use it to log into YouTube, Twitter, Spotify etc. The algorithms will push out content on that topic. You can then use multiple perspectives on the same topic.
3. Exercise regularly. The more you practice, the better you will become. Find ways to apply what you learn in real-world situations, whether it's internships, projects, or just working on personal projects.
4. Collaborate with others. Collaborate with others who have expertise in different areas as this allows you to learn from their perspectives and experiences. For example, if you are a computer scientist, consider working with a psychologist on a project that combines your respective areas of expertise.
5. Find mentors. Find people who are experts in your field and ask them for guidance and advice. They can provide valuable insights and help you avoid pitfalls along the way.
6. Attend conferences and workshops. Conferences and workshops can be great opportunities to learn from experts in your field, network with others, and keep up with the latest research and developments.
7. Use video and audio. Make a habit of reading articles, articles and blogs in your field to stay up to date with the latest research and developments. Listening to podcasts and watching videos created by experts can help build powerful learning habits.
8. Seek feedback. Ask an expert to give you feedback on what you need to do to improve. Track your progress. Reflect on your mistakes and think about what you can learn from them. Tracking the timing of each round is a great way to know how much you are improving.
9. Take on challenges. Seek out challenges and stretch yourself to learn new things. This allows you to grow and develop your expertise.
10. Teach others. When you teach, you receive feedback and questions from your students that can test your own understanding. This can help you identify areas where you may have gaps in your knowledge. By closing these gaps, your expertise continues to deepen.
Originating from Career 3.0 by Abhijit Bhaduri, courtesy of Penguin Random House India.