DHAMMACHAKRA PRAVARTAN DIN 2022: On October 14, 1956, India’s prime minister of law and the architect of the Indian Constitution, Bhimrao Ambedkar, along with more than 3 lakhs of his followers, embraced Buddhism after he renounced Hinduism. The day it happened is called Dhammachakra Pravartan Din. Though the conversion took place on October 14, Dhammachakra Pravartan Din, which marks the event, is celebrated on Ashoka Vijayadashami (Dussehra) every year. This year it is celebrated on October 5.
On Dhammachakra Pravartan Din, a large gathering took place at a Buddhist sacred monument in Nagpur called Deekshabhoomi, where Dr. Ambedkar and his followers embraced Buddhism. Many Buddhists gather at the place to celebrate the mass conversion of people to Buddhism.
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dr. Ambedkar had decided to leave Hinduism early and study other religions to understand which one would suit him best, ultimately opting for Buddhism. He chose ‘a morally responsible religion’.
He was a staunch opponent of Hinduism because he was convinced that the religion “promotes wrong ideals and has a wrong social life.”
After renunciating Hinduism at the grand ceremony that took place in Nagpur, Ambedkar said, “By abolishing my ancient religion, which stood for inequality and oppression, I am reborn today.”
Ambedkar had made 22 pledges the day he renounced Hinduism. One is: “I thereby reject my old religion, Hinduism, which is detrimental to the prosperity of mankind and which discriminates between man and man and treats me as inferior.”
Ambedkar fought against the caste discrimination of Dalits and wrote extensively against caste in Hinduism.
In the first issue of his magazine Mooknayak, Ambedkar referred to Hindu society as a “tower” where each floor is assigned to a particular caste. Ambedkar continues, “The point worth remembering is that this tower has no stairs and therefore there is no way to climb or descend from one floor to another.”
Ambedkar went on to say that there is no way a deserving person can climb a floor or a person living on a higher floor who is not deserving can be demoted to a lower floor. He said that in this tower a person dies on the floor where he was born.
However, on Dhammachakra Pravartan Din, he left that society and embraced Buddhism. A day later, Ambedkar said, “Even though I was born in the Hindu religion, I will not die in the Hindu religion.”
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