Researchers at the Australian University have argued that good oral care during pregnancy outweighs several potential risks, including the risk of preterm birth.
According to the study, many health problems, including gingivitis, occur as the delivery date approaches.
Gingivitis is caused by the buildup of a firm layer of plaque between the tooth and gums. If not treated properly, bacteria begin to build up and damage the teeth. The findings of this study are published in the Journal of Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry.
The study reveals that in gingivitis, the secretion of inflammatory biomarkers and bacteria enters the bloodstream, can reach the umbilical cord and cause complications, including the risk of preterm birth.
Gingivitis can also cause miscarriage and babies born underweight. To conduct the study, the researchers tested the oral hygiene of about 1,000 pregnant women. All were treated supragingival and subgingival and were made aware of the importance of oral hygiene. The report states that women treated for gingivitis had a significant reduction in the risk of preterm birth and improved birth weight.
According to the Advisory Report for Pregnant Women, dentists should advise pregnant women to use an extra soft toothbrush, as well as an alcohol-free or salt-based rinse. In addition, also advise them for teeth cleaning in the second trimester of pregnancy.
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