Gynecological cancer refers to a group of malignancies that affect the female reproductive system, including the cervix, ovaries, uterus, vagina and vulva. These cancers can be life-threatening, but are often treatable if caught early through regular screenings and awareness. Effective prevention and early intervention are crucial for women’s health.
Dr. Rohit Raghunath Ranade, consultant, gynaecology-oncology, robotic surgery, Narayana Health City Bangalore, said, “Gynecological cancer refers to a group of cancers that affect the female reproductive system, including the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vulva and cervical cancer. vagina. These cancers arise when abnormal cells in these organs begin to grow uncontrollably and form tumors. Women are more susceptible to gynecological cancer due to multiple factors, including age, family history, genetic mutations, exposure to certain chemicals or substances, and certain infections such as human papillomavirus (HPV).
It is essential that women are aware of these risk factors and take proactive steps to minimize their chances of developing gynecological cancer. Regular screenings, such as Pap smears and HPV vaccinations, can detect precancerous cells or infections at an early stage, allowing for timely intervention.
Dr. Rujul Jhaveri, consultant gynecologist at NH-SRCC Children‘s Hospital, Mumbai, adds: “To reduce the risk of gynecological cancer, women should prioritize proactive healthcare. Firstly, regular check-ups with a gynecologist are crucial. Pelvic exams and mammograms (for breast health) should be scheduled at least once a year. Staying informed about family history is crucial, as some cancers may have genetic components. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is just as important. Focus on a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains while limiting processed foods. Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight, because obesity increases the risk of cancer. Avoid smoking and limit alcohol consumption. Safe sex practices and HPV vaccinations are essential for cervical cancer prevention. Being vigilant about any unusual symptoms such as abnormal bleeding, pain or discharge is vital. Finally, stress management and mental well-being are often overlooked, but play a role in overall health.