Inactivity, diets high in sugar and salt and being overweight are responsible for 90% of high blood pressure cases in children and adolescents. A recent study focusing on hypertension in children between the ages of 6 and 16 gives families advice on how to improve their general health.
The conclusions of the heart health experts’ consensus paper are published in
the European Heart Journal, a publication of the European Society of
“Parents are key drivers of change in promoting children’s health
behavior”, says first author Professor Giovanni de Simone of the University of
Naples Federico I1, Italy.
“Very often high blood pressure and/or obesity run in the same family. But even if that is not the case, it is desirable that all family members are involved in lifestyle changes.”
Fresh produce, fruits and other high fiber foods are encouraged in the diet
guidelines for the treatment of high blood pressure in children. Salt intake is also recommended:
to a minimum, and sugar-sweetened drinks and saturated fat
should be avoided.
Children and teens should not sit for more than two hours a day and should engage in at least one hour of vigorous physical activity, such as jogging, biking, or swimming, each day.
Professor de Simone advised parents to keep an eye on how much time their…
children spend watching TV or using their smartphones and to provide them with
Setting realistic goals for weight, diet and exercise should be done with a
focus on the areas that need the most improvement. Young people and their
families can track progress toward their goals by tracking their weight, diet, and physical activity over the long term without
obsessive, according to Professor de Simone.
It is recommended to implement a “health-promoting reward system”. “Ideal
incentives are incentives that increase social support and increase the value of
targeted behavior, such as a bike ride with the family or a walk with friends,” said
Professor de Simone.
According to the report, childhood obesity and hypertension are “insidious.”
siblings” that develop over time into serious health risks. According to studies,
childhood hypertension increases with obesity, especially abdominal
obesity, which contributes to some of the increases. Less than 2% of children with normal
weight is believed to have hypertension, compared to 5% overweight
children and 15% of obese children.
“The increase in hypertension in children is a major concern as it is associated with the persistence of hypertension and other cardiovascular problems into adulthood,” says Professor de Simone.
It is essential to identify elevated blood pressure early so that it can be
controlled by lifestyle changes and, if necessary, medication. a doctor or
nurse can identify children with high blood pressure with just one blood
pressure reading, but a second visit is advised for confirmation.
dr. de Simone stated: “Regardless of symptoms, screening should be performed at least once a year in primary care. This is due to the fact that hypertension in children, as in adults, is usually asymptomatic.”
A medical history and physical exam are needed to identify possible causes and pinpoint behaviors that can be altered when blood pressure
measurements indicate hypertension.
Birth weight, gestational age, family history of hypertension and cardiovascular disease, lifestyle factors such as smoking, salt intake, alcohol consumption, physical activity and leisure activities, and possible symptoms such as headache, nosebleed, dizziness, visual impairment, poor academic performance, attention problems, shortness of breath, palpitations and fainting are all included in the information.
Early intervention for hypertension in children should focus on behavior
modification and education. A low-dose medication should be started if:
blood pressure targets are not met. Small doses of two drugs may include:
needed when a drug doesn’t work.
The authors urge public health organizations to provide prevention and treatment
of hypertension in children and teenagers is a top priority. For example, campaigns to
raising awareness of the dangers of high blood pressure in young people and the
benefits of leading a healthy lifestyle with exercise and a healthy diet
low in salt and sugar, and quit smoking.
Other suggested actions include making time for children to watch TV and use social media without encouraging unhealthy eating patterns or other potentially harmful lifestyle choices.
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