Last updated: September 09, 2022, 07:30 IST
Pitru Paksha or Sradh is a period of 15 days that begins during the Purnima Tithi of Shukla Paksha in the month of Bhadrapada, according to the Hindu calendar. It ends on the Amavasya Tithi of Krishna Paksha. During this period, the Hindus pay tribute to the departed souls of their ancestors. Pitru Paksha is characterized by the rituals of Sradh and limited lifestyle. It is believed that during this period the rituals of Shradh help the ancestors to achieve moksha or liberation.
Pitru Paksha 2022: important dates
This year the Pitru Paksha starts on Saturday September 10th and ends on Sunday September 25th.
The times for the Kutup Muhurat, Rohina Muhurat and Aparahna Kaal for September 10 are as follows:
- Kutup Muhurat: 11:53 AM to 12:43 PM
- Rohina Muhurat: 12:43 PM to 1:33 PM
- Aparahna Bald: 1:33 PM to 4:03 PM
Rituals of Shradho
- The rituals of Shradh or pind daan for the ancestors according to Hindu traditions can be performed on any day during this 15 day period.
- The Sradh period culminates on Mahalaya Day, which falls on September 25 this year.
- On Sradh day, the eldest member of the family takes a bath and sports new clothes along with a ring made of Kush grass.
- Kush Grass is considered a representation of kindness and is also used to appeal to the ancestors.
- Post this, a wooden table is covered with a white cloth and kept facing south.
- Then the table is covered with black sesame seeds and barley seeds, on which the ancestor portrait is placed.
- After this, the ancestors are invoked and presented in the form of rice or wheat balls, which are made with honey, rice or wheat, goat’s milk, sugar and ghee.
- After this, the offering of Tarpan is made, which is made by mixing water, flour, barley, kush and black sesame seeds.
- After the rituals of Shradh and Tarpan, food is offered to the poor people.
According to Hindu religion, the souls of the ancestors are believed to reside in Pitrulok and descend to Earth during the Pitrupaksha. So, every year during this time, the relatives of the deceased perform Shradh to pay tribute to the ancestors. The rituals performed during the Pitru Paksha help the departed souls to achieve moksh or redemption.
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