Every year, March 24 is celebrated as World Tuberculosis Day to raise awareness and eradicate the deadly disease worldwide. Described as an ‘epidemic’ by the WHO, TB is a disease whose bacterium was discovered by Dr. Robert Koch in 1882. Despite the fact that TB is a curable and preventable disease, it affects millions of people every year. and they die.
The aim was to end this infectious disease worldwide, which is responsible for the loss of approximately 4000 lives per day on average.
On this special day dedicated to ensuring a TB-free world, let’s take a look at some of the pertinent information that can help in the pursuit of moving forward.
Symptoms of tuberculosis:
Caution should be exercised as active TB is known to be contagious.
Check for the following symptoms and see a doctor immediately:
1. If someone has been coughing quite violently for more than 3 weeks, see a doctor.
2. Look for symptoms such as chest pain.
3. Be careful to observe the cough. Look for blood or sputum in the cough.
4. Fever is another sign to be aware of.
5. In addition to the above symptoms, also check for loss of appetite
6. Feeling Exhaustion or Fatigue
7. Sudden sweating during the night.
Causes Of Tuberculosis:
TB is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacillus. This bacterium that is responsible for tuberculosis appears to mainly affect the lungs. However, it can affect any organ of the body. The condition can develop when bacteria spread through airborne droplets.
If a person who is infected with active TB disease in their lungs coughs or sneezes near someone who will be able to inhale the expelled droplets, TB can also easily affect the other person.
Treatment and prevention of tuberculosis:
Follow these treatment and preventive measures to protect yourself from tuberculosis:
- Medication is the starting point of TB treatment.
- Have children vaccinated with BCG. It has proven to be an effective way to protect someone from the attack of TB.
- Those who have latent tuberculosis may need to take only one or two types of TB medications.
- But for the active tuberculosis, if it is a resistant strain, it will need many drugs at once.
- For drug-resistant TB patients, a combination of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones and injectable drugs are used to treat tuberculosis.
- Most importantly, do not stop treatment once it has started. An initiative called direct-observed therapy (DOT) is recommended to help people continue their treatment. A health care provider will make sure the medication is taken at the right time and help you with the treatment procedures.
Also wear a mask and use a respirator in the presence of a TB patient. Cover your mouth and nose while a TB patient is coughing or sneezing.
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