DailyExpertNews has located and verified videos of these moves on social media, although there are likely many more that go undetected.
Some videos come from official sources; most are from TikTok or YouTube. They are analyzed by online observers and often supplement satellite imagery.
There is also plenty of other evidence of the military build-up in the Belgorod region.
DailyExpertNews located these videos in the village of Sereteno, about 15 miles from the border. They were uploaded on Sunday and show tanks moving through the area.
These videos can be located in this place:
Russian troops also move in the area at night – with tanks being unloaded from trains.
There’s More Snow Here Than Farther South — DailyExpertNews geolocated this video in a village near Belgorod:
Tanks around Voronezh
And seen from other angles:
DailyExpertNews has geolocated these clips to this place:
Helicopters near Belgorod
In recent days, more videos on social media have shown the arrival of helicopters near the Ukrainian border. They could provide important protection for ground troops in the event of an offensive. These were filmed near Belgorod:
The Russian build includes tanks, infantry fighting vehicles known as BMPs and self-propelled artillery – as seen here in a train on the outskirts of Belgorod:
Missile and Artillery Support
Michael Kofman, Russia analyst at CNA, a non-profit organization based in Virginia, notes that units in Kursk (such as the 6th Combined Arms Army) “appear to be moving toward Belgorod with district-level artillery support. He says the 1st Guards Tank Army has also begun to move — “presumably to a final rallying point.”
Of particular concern is the movement of convoys of Iskander-M short-range ballistic missiles, which appears to have increased in several parts of western Russia in recent weeks.
If a conflict were to start, these would likely be used to attack permanent Ukrainian positions such as command and control sites. They have a range of up to 250 miles (402 km) and have been observed in recent satellite images.
Rocket launchers near border
DailyExpertNews has geolocated this convoy, which includes several rocket launchers, about 15 miles (24 kilometers) north of the Ukrainian border.
Russian weapons – and ships – continue to approach the Ukrainian border. Locations where equipment was preinstalled more than 160 miles (161 kilometers) of the border have been gradually emptied as units have moved forward.
There are Russian units within a few miles of Ukraine, all the way from the Sea of Azov, along the Ukrainian border and into Belarus.
“Russia’s current military buildup near Ukraine is unprecedented,” tweeted Rob Lee of the Department of War Studies at King’s College London. “This is not like previous war fears or the spring build-up [of 2021]† The amount of Russian air, ground and naval forces in the vicinity of Ukraine is now measurably much greater.”
While the equipment appears to have been assembled, it remains unknown where it was moved to the next — and when.