India probably has one of the most diverse food cultures with regional variations ranging from spices to meat consumption trends or plant-based diets. People are now exploring different dietary habits in an effort to live a healthy life. Veganism is becoming quite popular with many studies and reports indicating that a plant-based diet has certain health benefits and is climate friendly.
A recent study, conducted by the University of Barcelona (UB) and the CIBER on Frailty and Healthy Aging (CIBERFES), has reiterated how a plant-based diet can reduce the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia in people who are aging. parenthesis. “Higher intakes of fruits, vegetables and plant foods provide polyphenols and other bioactive compounds that may help reduce the risk of cognitive decline due to aging,” said Cristina Andres-Lacueva, lead author of the study.
Over a 12-year period, more than 800 people over the age of 65 participated in the study, which was published in the journal Molecular Nutrition and Food Research. Alzheimer’s disease, a common disease in the elderly, could be avoided through healthy lifestyle and diet changes, the study said, adding that other forms of dementia could also be avoided.
According to Mireia Urpí-Sardà, of the Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Gastronomy and CIBERFES, the results of the study showed an important link between cognitive impairment in the elderly and polyphenol-rich foods such as apple, cocoa, green tea, blueberries, oranges and pomegranates. .
A plant-based diet includes not only fruits and vegetables, but also nuts, legumes, seeds, and oils.
According to Mercè Pallàs, professor at the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences and member of the Institute of Neurosciences (UBNeuro) of the UB, the study of the relationship between cognitive impairment and polyphenol-rich foods is essential to develop preventive and therapeutic strategies that help to improve cognitive functioning. to ensure health.
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